PART 3: RULES GOVERNING ALL DISTRICTS

Division 6: Requirements for Motor Vehicle Parking Stalls, Bicycle Parking Stalls and Loading Stalls

General Rules

116      Motor vehicle parking stalls, visitor parking stalls, bicycle parking stalls and loading stalls required for a use may only be located on a separate parcel from the use where:

(a)        the stalls are on parcels that form part of a comprehensive development; and

(b)        all parcels forming part of the comprehensive development are indicated on the same development permit.

5P2013

Parking Stall Signage

117      (1)              Permanent signage must identify and restrict the use of motor vehicle parking stalls as being only for the purpose required for:

(a)        residents of Dwelling Units that are not Single Detached Dwellings, Semi-detached Dwellings or Duplex Dwellings;

(b)        residents of Live Work Units;

(c)        visitor parking stalls; and

(d)        pick-up and drop-off parking stalls.

(2)              Permanent signage must identify loading stalls for the approved purpose.

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Location of Parking and Loading Requirements

118      (1)              The minimum number of motor vehicle parking stalls, visitor parking stalls and bicycle parking stalls for a development  are specified in Part 4, General Rules for Multi-Residential Districts and the land use districts.

(2)              The minimum number of loading stalls is specified in this Part.

(3)              Where the minimum number of motor vehicle parking stalls, visitor parking stalls, bicycle parking stalls or loading stalls for a development  is not specified, the Development Authority must determine the minimum number of stalls for that development  in consideration of the minimum number of stalls for other developments  with similar characteristics and other relevant information.

Use of Parking and Loading Stalls

119      Motor vehicle parking stallsmust be used and made available only for the purpose for which they were approved.

13P2008

Identification of Required Parking and Loading Stalls

120      A plan forming part of a development permit must:

(a)              show the location, number and size of required motor vehicle parking stalls, visitor parking stalls, bicycle parking stalls, pick-up and drop-off stalls and loading stalls;

(b)              label required motor vehicle parking stalls for Dwelling Units and Live Work Units; and

(c)              label required motor vehicle parking stalls for non-residential uses.

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Calculation of the Minimum Number of Required Parking and Loading Stalls

121      (1)              When the calculation of the minimum number of required motor vehicle parking stalls, bicycle parking stalls, visitor parking stalls or loading stalls results in a fractional number of stalls, the next higher whole number must be the minimum requirement for:

(a)        motor vehicle parking stalls;

(b)        bicycle parking stalls – class 1;

(c)        bicycle parking stalls – class 2; and

(d)        loading stalls.

(2)              For uses other than Dwelling Units and Live Work Units, the following must be calculated separately:

(a)        motor vehicle parking stalls;

(b)        bicycle parking stalls – class 1; and

(c)        bicycle parking stalls – class 2.

(3)              For Dwelling Units and Live Work Units, the following must be calculated separately:

(a)        motor vehicle parking stalls required for residents of Dwelling Units;

(b)        visitor parking stalls for Dwelling Units;

(c)        motor vehicle parking stalls required for residents of Live Work Units;

(d)        visitor parking stalls for Live Work Units;

(e)        bicycle parking stalls – class 1 required for Dwelling Units and Live Work Units; and

(f)        bicycle parking stalls – class 2 required for Dwelling Units and Live Work Units.

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Standards for Motor Vehicle Parking Stalls

122      (1)              Unless otherwise specified, the minimum width and depth of motor vehicle parking stalls are illustrated in Table 2.

Table 2: Minimum Dimensions for Motor Vehicle Parking Stalls

 

Parking angle (degrees)

Aisle width (metres)

Stall depth perpendicular to aisle (metres)

Stall width parallel to aisle (metres)

Dwelling Units

Other Uses

90

7.20

5.40

2.50

2.60

75

6.12

5.64

2.59

2.69

60

4.82

5.49

2.89

3.00

45

4.00

5.00

3.54

3.68

 

(1.1)           The minimum width of a motor vehicle parking stall when it abuts a physical barrier, is:

(a)        3.1 metres when a physical barrier abuts both sides; and

(b)        2.85 metres when a physical barrier abuts only one side.

(2)              The angle of a motor vehicle parking stall must be 90 degrees or must be between 75 degrees and 45 degrees. Minimum required motor vehicle parking stall dimensions between 45 degrees and 75 degrees must be calculated using a straight line interpolation between dimensions.

(3)              The minimum depth of a motor vehicle parking stall is 5.9 metres where it is required for:

(a)       a Backyard Suite, Contextual Semi-detached Dwelling, Contextual Single Detached Dwelling, Duplex Dwelling, Secondary Suite, Semi-detached Dwelling or Single Detached Dwelling; and  

(b)       a Dwelling Unit where the stall is provided in a private garage intended to be used for the occupants of only one Dwelling Unit.

(4)              The minimum width of a motor vehicle parking stall required for a Dwelling Unit is:

(a)        3.0 metres where both sides of a stall abut a physical barrier;

(b)        2.85 metres where one side of a stall abuts a physical barrier; and

(c)        2.5 metres in all other cases.

(5)              deleted

(6)              deleted

(7)              The minimum width of a motor vehicle parking stall for Multi- Residential Development, Multi-Residential Development – Minor, a Townhouse or a Rowhouse Building provided for the exclusive use of a Dwelling Unit is reduced to 2.60 metres where:

(a)        the stall is one of two or more motor vehicle parking stalls that are provided in a private garage;

(b)        the motor vehicle parking stalls in the private garage are for the sole use of the occupants of the Dwelling Unit; and

(c)        the motor vehicle parking stalls are only counted towards fulfilling the minimum motor vehicle parking stall requirements for that Dwelling Unit.

(8)              deleted

(9)              The minimum vertical clearance of a motor vehicle parking stall is 2.1 metres.

(10)            Minimum required motor vehicle parking stall dimensions must be clear of all obstructions, other than wheel stops and structural columns.

(11)            Where structural columns encroach into a motor vehicle parking stall, such columns:

(a)        must not encroach into the width of the motor vehicle parking stall by more than a total of 0.30 metres;

(b)        must be located within 1.2 metres of either end of the motor vehicle parking stall; and

(c)        must not encroach into a motor vehicle parking stall within 0.30 metres of a drive aisle.

(12)            Wheel stops:

(a)        must have a maximum height of 0.10 metres;

(b)        must be placed perpendicular to the motor vehicle parking stall depth; and

(c)        must be a minimum of 0.60 metres from the front of the motor vehicle parking stall.

(13)            The maximum slope of a motor vehicle parking stall is 4.0 per cent in any direction.

(14)            Motor vehicle parking stalls must not be provided as tandem parking unless otherwise allowed in this Bylaw.

(15)            Motor vehicle parking stalls for a Backyard Suite, Contextual Semi-detached Dwelling, Contextual Single Detached Dwelling, Duplex Dwelling, Secondary Suite, Semi-detached Dwelling and Single Detached Dwelling must be:

(a)        hard surfaced; and

(b)        located wholly on the subject parcel.

13P2008, 47P2008, 28P2009, 12P2010, 27P201, 9P2012, 24P2014, 4P2017

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Loading Stalls

123      (1)              A loading stall must be located so that all motor vehicles using the stall can be parked and maneuvered entirely within the boundary of the site before moving onto a street or a lane.

(2)              A loading stall must have:

(a)        a minimum width of 3.1 metres;

(b)        a minimum depth of 9.2 metres; and

(c)        a minimum height of 4.3 metres.

(3)              Minimum loading stall dimensions must be clear of all obstructions, other than wheel stops.

(4)              Wheel stops must not exceed 0.10 metres in height above the loading stall surface and must be placed perpendicular to the loading stall depth a minimum of 0.60 metres from the front of the loading stall.

(5)              In commercial, industrial, mixed use and special purpose districts the minimum requirement for loading stalls is:

(a)        1.0 loading stalls per 9300.0 square metres of gross floor area where the cumulative gross floor area of all buildings on a parcel is greater than 930.0 square metres; and

(b)        0.0 loading stalls where the cumulative gross floor area of all buildings on a parcel is less than or equal to 930.0 square metres.

(6)             Unless otherwise referenced in subsection (7), the following uses are not included in the calculation of required loading stalls:

(a)        Auto Service – Minor;

(b)        Bulk Fuel Sales Depot;

(c)        Car Wash – Multi Vehicle;

(d)        Car Wash – Single Vehicle;

(e)        Cemetery;

(f)         Columbarium;

(g)        Custodial Quarters;

(h)        Dwelling Unit;

(i)         Extensive Agriculture;

(j)         Financial Institution;

(k)        Funeral Home;

(l)         Gaming Establishment – Bingo;

(m)       Gas Bar;

(n)        Large Vehicle Wash;

(o)        Live Work Unit;

(p)        Military Base;

(q)        Natural Area;

(r)         Outdoor Recreation Area;

(s)        Park;

(t)         Park Maintenance Facility – Large;

(u)        Park Maintenance Facility – Small;

(v)        Parking Lot – Structure;

(w)       Place of Worship – Medium;

(x)        Place of Worship – Small;

(y)        Power Generation Facility – Medium;

(z)        Power Generation Facility – Small;

(aa)      Protective and Emergency Service;

(bb)      Self Storage Facility;

(cc)      Sewage Treatment Plant;

(dd)      Special Function – Class 1;

(ee)      Special Function – Class 2;

(ff)         Temporary Shelter;

(gg)       Utilities;

(hh)       Utility Building;

(ii)         Vehicle Rental – Major;

(jj)         Vehicle Rental – Minor;

(kk)       Waste Disposal and Treatment Facility; and

(ll)         Water Treatment Plant.

(7)              Where a building contains 20 or more units with shared entrance facilities, a minimum of 1.0 loading stalls is required.  

(8)              In a multi-residential district, where the cumulative gross floor area of commercial multi-residential uses exceeds 930.0 square metres, the commercial multi-residential uses require 1.0 loading stalls per 9300.0 square metres of gross floor area.

9P2012, 12P2012, 20P2017

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Relaxations of Parking and Loading Stall Requirements

124      (1)              For uses in buildings listed on the City inventory of potential heritage sites, the Development Authority may consider a relaxation of the minimum motor vehicle parking stalls, visitor parking stalls, bicycle parking stalls and loading stall requirements. Consideration for relaxations must be based on:

(a)        satisfaction of the test for a relaxation referenced in section 31 or 36.

(b)        the existing ability of the site to accommodate motor vehicle parking stalls, visitor parking stalls, loading stalls and bicycle parking stalls; and

(c)        the number of motor vehicle parking stalls, visitor parking stalls, loading stalls and bicycle parking stalls to be relaxed.

(2)              The Development Authority may consider a relaxation in the required motor vehicle parking stalls and visitor parking stalls for uses when a transportation demand management measure is approved by the Development Authority and is required to be implemented as a condition in a development permit.

(3)              Any approved transportation demand management measure must:

(a)        be sustainable throughout the term of the development permit; and

(b)        include requirements that must be incorporated into an approved plan or condition on a development permit.

(4)             The Development Authority may consider a relaxation in the minimum required motor vehicle parking stalls, visitor parking stalls, loading stalls and bicycle parking stalls for a development when:

(a)        the test for a relaxation referenced in section 31 is satisfied; and

(b)        the type of use, the size or shape of the parcel, or the topographical constraints present practical difficulties in accommodating the requirements of this Bylaw; when a relaxation is given for this reason, it and the reasons must be stated on the development permit; or

(c)        an applicant submits a parking study, as part of a development permit application, that demonstrates that the motor vehicle parking stall requirement, visitor parking stall or bicycle parking stall requirement should be less than the requirements of this Bylaw due to unique site, location or use characteristics, and the conclusions of the study are considered acceptable by the Development Authority.

(5)             The Development Authority may consider a relaxation in the minimum required motor vehicle parking stalls and pick-up and drop-off stalls for a School Authority – School when:

(a)        the proposed development is an addition to a School Authority – School building existing on the effective date of this Bylaw; or

(b)        The proposed development is a new School Authority – School building proposed on a parcel designated as reserve land existing on the effective date of this Bylaw; and

(c)        in the opinion of the Development Authority, it would be difficult to provide the required pick-up and drop-off stalls due to the parcel configuration, area of a parcel and frontage.

(6)             The Development Authority may consider a relaxation of Section 116 where:

(a)        the test for a relaxation referenced in either Section 31or 36 is satisfied;

(b)        the development permit identifies the locations of the minimum required stalls, including the mechanisms used to maintain the stalls for the duration of the development;

(c)        the stalls referenced in subsection (b) are signed or marked as being available for the development; and

(d)        all parcels forming part of the development are indicated on the same development permit.

57P2009, 9P2012, 5P2013

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Bicycle Parking Stalls

125      (1)              Bicycle parking stalls – class 1 must be located on hard surfaced areas.

(2)              Bicycle parking stalls – class 2 may only be located in hard surfaced areas and in hard surfaced landscaped areas.

(3)              Bicycle parking stalls must not interfere with a pedestrian walkway.

(4)              Bicycle parking stalls must be separated from motor vehicle parking stalls, visitor parking stalls or loading stalls by 2.0 metres or a physical barrier.

(5)              A bicycle parking stall that is not an individual locker must be at least 2.0 metres in height.

(6)              A bicycle parking stall that is not an individual locker and is attached to the ground must be located at least 0.6 metres from any physical barrier.

(7)              Rows of bicycle parking devices, when affixed on the floor or grade, must be separated by at least 2.0 metres.

(8)              Bicycle parking devices, when affixed on the floor or grade, must be separated by at least 0.6 metres.

(9)              Required bicycle parking stalls – class 2 should be located within 15.0 metres of the public entrance of a building containing the uses for which they are required.

(10)            Directional signage indicating the location of minimum required bicycle parking stalls – class 2 must be provided when the stalls are not obviously visible near the entrance to a building.

(11)            The area where bicycle parking stalls are located must be illuminated.

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Motor Vehicle Pick-Up and Drop-Off Stalls

126      (1)              All minimum required pick-up and drop-off stalls must be located:

(a)        on the same parcel as the development requiring them; or

(b)        within a street, if approved by the Development Authority and the General Manager of Transportation or his delegate.

(2)              The minimum dimensions of a pick-up and drop-off stall are the same as those for motor vehicle parking stalls provided in Table 2, except that a pick-up and drop-off stall that is parallel to a street, driveway or curb has a minimum width of 2.6 metres and a minimum depth of 6.7 metres.

Cash-in-lieu: Kensington 10th Street NW Commercial Parking Area

127      deleted

13P2008

Cash-in-lieu: 17th Avenue S. Commercial Parking Area

128      deleted

13P2008

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Cash-in-lieu: 4th Street SW Commercial Parking Area

129      deleted

13P2008

 

Map 4: Kensington 10th Street N.W. Commercial Parking Area

deleted

 

13P2008

 

Map 5: 17th Avenue S. Commercial Parking Area

deleted

 

13P2008

 

Map 6: 4th Street S.W. Commercial Parking Area

deleted

 

13P2008

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